Semidouble blooms in shades of lavender, salmon, magenta, and pale to bright pinks are useful as cut and edible flowers. Additionally, Monarda attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to the garden. Also known as beebalm, Oswego tea, and scarlet beebalm. Medicinal: Aerial parts in infusions to improve digestion. Leaves and blooms contain thymol-related antibiotic-antiseptic compounds. Perennial in Zones 4-9.
• Edible Flowers: Add petals to salads, sprinkle over mild fish, use in fruit salads, or to garnish desserts and drinks. Flavor is minty and spicy.
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 10-14 days at 68-72°F (20-22°C).
SOWING: Transplant (recommended): Sow 6-8 weeks before last frost. Transplant into cell packs or larger containers when the first true leaves appear. Harden off and transplant outside after last frost. Direct seed: After last frost, sow seed thinly, barely covering the seed. Thin when the seedlings have the first true leaves.
LIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun/Part Shade.
SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Any well-drained soil.
PLANT SPACING: 12-18".
HARDINESS ZONES: Varies. M. citriodora: Annual. M. didyma: Perennial in Zones 4-9.
HARVEST: Fresh: Harvest when flowers are almost completely open. Dried: Allow flowers to open completely. Hang to dry.
USES: Suitable as a fresh cut flower. Excellent dried flower. Border plantings. Edible flower
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Days To Maturity
Average number of days from seeding date until ready for harvest.
300 - 365 Days
Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).
Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits.<br>Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.