Semidouble blooms in shades of lavender, salmon, magenta, and pale to bright pinks are useful as cut and edible flowers. Additionally, Monarda attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to the garden. Also known as beebalm, Oswego tea, and scarlet beebalm. Medicinal: Aerial parts in infusions to improve digestion. Leaves and blooms contain thymol-related antibiotic-antiseptic compounds. Perennial in Zones 4-9.
• Edible Flowers: Add petals to salads, sprinkle over mild fish, use in fruit salads, or to garnish desserts and drinks. Flavor is minty and spicy.
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 10-14 days at 68-72°F (20-22°C). SOWING: Transplant (recommended): Sow 6-8 weeks before last frost. Transplant into cell packs or larger containers when the first true leaves appear. Harden off and transplant outside after last frost. Direct seed: After last frost, sow seed thinly, barely covering the seed. Thin when the seedlings have the first true leaves. LIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun/Part Shade. SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Any well-drained soil. PLANT SPACING: 12-18". HARDINESS ZONES: Varies. M. citriodora: Annual. M. didyma: Perennial in Zones 4-9. HARVEST: Fresh: Harvest when flowers are almost completely open. Dried: Allow flowers to open completely. Hang to dry. USES: Suitable as a fresh cut flower. Excellent dried flower. Border plantings. Edible flower SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monarda spp. ALTERNATE NAMES: Bee balm
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Days To Maturity
Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.
300 - 365 Days
Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).
Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits. Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.
Use for Cut Flowers and Bouquets
Variety good for fresh cut-flower displays.
Ideal for Drying and Crafts
Variety is excellent for creating dried flowers.
Variety's flowers may be consumed.
Attracts Beneficial Insects
Variety attracts and supports pollinators and/or insects that prey on garden pests.