Angelica - Key Growing Information
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 30 days.
SOWING: Transplant: Refrigerate the seeds until sowing. It is preferable to plant in the fall, but early spring plantings will also be successful. Tamp the seeds into the soil mix or just barely cover with soil and moisten. Seed requires light to germinate, along with alternating temperatures of warm and cold. Place the flats or trays outside where they will experience the needed temperature fluctuations. After 21 days, flats should be brought into warmer temperatures to germinate. Transplant seedlings outside in the spring when they are 3-4" tall, spacing seedlings 12-24" apart in rows that are 36" apart.
Direct seed: Refrigerate the seeds until sowing. Sow in the fall or spring, 1/4- 3/8" deep, 10 seeds per foot in well-prepared seedbeds. Space plants 12-24" apart in each direction.
LIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun/Part Shade. Angelica prefers part shade, but will grow fine in full sun.
SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Angelica requires a fairly rich, light, well-drained, but moist loam.
PLANT HEIGHT: 72-96".
PLANT SPACING: 12-24".
HARDINESS ZONES: Biennial in Zones 4-9.
HARVEST: All parts of the plant are edible. The leaves should be harvested carefully the first year so as not to damage the main stem. The root is harvested in the fall of the first year or in the spring of the second year.
Note: Once established, Angelica can also be propagated by root division.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Angelica archangelica