Roots are long and tapered like carrots, averaging 8-10" long and 1" in diameter with off-white skin and white flesh. The upright, grass-like leaves and purple flowers the second summer distinguish it from scorzonera. Biennial. Also known as oyster plant. Avg. 42,750 seeds/lb. Packet: 100 seeds.
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Latin Name: Tragopogon porrifolius
Days to Maturity or Bloom:
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CULTURE: Salsify prefers a deep, friable, well-drained soil. Sow in mid- to late spring in a 2" band about 1" apart (20 seeds/ft.), ½" deep, in rows 18–24" apart. Do not allow soil to dry out prior to emergence. Thin plants to 2–3" apart. DISEASES:Prevent disease with crop rotation and sanitation. HARVEST: Dig roots in late fall just before the ground freezes. Flavor is best after several frosts. In mild areas, a portion of the crop may be left in the garden for spring harvest, as salsify is cold hardy. Apply a mulch or row cover in cold regions for winter survival insurance. STORAGE: Overwinter in soil or store in root cellar or refrigerator at 32°F (0°C) and 95% relative humidity. AVG. DIRECT SEEDING RATE: 1 oz./130', 7.7 oz./1,000', 10.5 lb./acre at 20 seeds/ft. in rows 24" apart. SEED SPECS: AVG. SEEDS/LB: Avg. 42,750. PACKET: 100 seeds, sows 5'.