Vegetables Rutabagas

Organic Rutabaga Seed

Product ID: 3582G

Green-top heirloom with mild flavor.

A New England heirloom, developed by farmer John Gilfeather of Vermont at the turn of the 19th century. Gilfeather yields uniform, round roots with green tops, bright white flesh, and a mild flavor. A bit slower-growing than Helenor. USDA Certified Organic. Avg. 190,000 seeds/lb. Packet: 100 seeds.
Johnny's Recommended Substitute
Greater uniformity for better yields.
Greater uniformity for better yields.
90 Days
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Brassica napus
CULTURE: Rutabagas prefer well-drained soils abundant in potash and phosphorus, with a pH range of 6.4-6.8. For customary fall and winter use plant in late spring, early summer, or about 90 days before intended harvest. Sow 6 seeds per foot, 3/8" deep, thinning to 6" apart, in rows 18-24" apart.
DISEASES: Soft, brown interior root spot indicates soil boron deficiency, corrected by good compost or agricultural borax. Diseases include black leg, black rot, and turnip mosaic virus. Practice crop rotation (as with all Brassicas). Dispose of infected plants and do not allow any to survive the winter to infect a new crop.
INSECT PESTS: Protect from cabbage root maggots and flea beetles with floating row covers at time of planting.
HARVEST AND STORAGE: After at least two good frosts, cut tops and store washed or unwashed at 32°F (0°C) and 95% relative humidity for up to 6 months. Waxing (dipping clean roots in paraffin) is done prior to delivery to prevent drying of roots in store displays.
AVG. DIRECT SEEDING RATE: 1M/166', 1 oz./1,400', 131M or 14¼ oz./acre at 6 seeds/ft. in rows 24" apart.
SIZED SEEDS: "Sized" seeds have been sorted so they are roughly the same size. This consistency allows for more accurate spacing with mechanical seeders and more even germination. Rutabaga seed is unsized, except when noted in the product description.
SEED SPECS: SEEDS/LB.: Avg. 168,700.
PACKET: 100 seeds, sows 16'.

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Quick Facts

Latin Name

Brassica napus

Days To Maturity

Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.

95 Days

Life Cycle

Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).


Hybrid Status

Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits.
Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.

Open Pollinated

Product Features

Heirloom Heirloom
Seeds saved over many years and passed down, in original form, from generation to generation.
Organic Seeds, Plants, and Supplies Organic Seeds, Plants, and Supplies
Plants, or seeds harvested from plants, that have been grown without synthetic fertilizers or pesticides, strictly adhering to the USDA's National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) organic gardening practices are designated as Organic.

Supplies that meet the USDA's National Organic Program (NOP) rules according to a third-party authority such as OMRI, WSDA, and/or a local authority such as MOFGA or NOFA.

Organic Seeds, Plants, and Supplies Heirloom