T-448 (F1) Onion Seed
T-448 (F1) Onion Seed
Earliest long-day overwintering onion for the North.
Our trials have shown T-448 to be larger and about a week earlier than Bridger when overwintered. Bulbs are also more rounded in shape. Not as early or as large as Bridger when spring sown, however. Exceptional bolt tolerance when overwintered. Avg. 114,900 seeds/lb. Packet: 250 seeds.
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CULTURE: Onions require full sun and fertile, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0–7.0. Sandy loam soils are ideal; in heavier soils, use raised beds or raised rows to promote soil drainage.
DAY LENGTH: Onion bulbing is triggered by day length, and maximum day length during the growing season increases from south to north. Short-day onions are grown at lower latitudes in the South, while intermediate and long-day onions are grown at higher latitudes. Refer to "Adaptation" in each variety description for details.
DIRECT SEEDING: In April or early May, or as soon as the soil can be prepared in early spring, sow in a 2" wide band, about 2 seeds/in., 1/4– 1/2" deep, rows 12–18" apart. Thin to 1 1/2–2" apart for highest yields in fertile soil. Thin to 3-4" apart for larger onions.
TRANSPLANTING: In long- and intermediate-day areas, sow indoors 6–8 weeks before last frost date. Sow 128-cell trays, 1 seed/cell, and cover with 1/4" soil. Transplant 4" apart in rows 12–18" apart. Unruly tops may be clipped to 5" at time of transplant.
CULTIVATION: Keep onions well weeded with shallow cultivation.
WATER: Onions are shallow-rooted and grow best with at least 1" per week of rain or irrigation, especially during the bulbing phase.
DISEASES: Adequate air circulation and crop rotation aids in reducing the risk of foliar disease.
HARVEST: When necks become soft and 50% of tops are falling over, pull and cure in well-ventilated space out of direct sunlight (to prevent greening) or sun-cure in field for 2–7 dry days before moving to dry location. Cure until tops are completely dried; about 2 weeks.
STORAGE: When dry, clip off tops and roots and store in onion bags or shallow boxes at near freezing and 65–70% humidity.
DAYS TO MATURITY: From direct seeding; subtract 10–15 days for days to maturity from transplant.
AVG. DIRECT SEEDING RATE: 1 oz./25', 1M/50', 5M/250', 25M/1,250', 580M/acre at 20 seeds/ft., in rows 18" apart.
TRANSPLANTS: Avg. 1 oz./4,900 plants, 1 lb./78,750.
SIZED SEEDS: Standard on all varieties.
SEED SPECS: SEEDS/LB.: 96,900–127,700 (avg. 112,000).
PACKET: 250 seeds, sows 12' or makes 140 plants.
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