DAYS TO GERMINATION: 7-14 days at 70-75°F (21-24°C).
SOWING: Direct seed (recommended): After the last frost, sow in groups of 2-3 seeds, 1/2" deep. Thin to one plant when true leaves appear. Transplant: Sow in final container 3-4 weeks prior to planting out. Sunflowers dislike root disturbance and do not transplant well Transplants should be held indoors for no more than 4 weeks prior to planting out. Provide sun and good air movement.
LIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun.
SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Light, well-drained soil. Excessive nitrogen may cause plants to grow too vigorously with abnormal flower shapes.
PLANT SPACING: 4-24". Single-stem varieties space 4-6" apart. Branching varieties space 18-24" apart.
HARDINESS ZONES: Annual.
HARVEST: Fresh: Flowers can be harvested tight when color first begins to show, or when the flowers are just beginning to open, depending on your market. Dried: Flowers are completely open. Hang or use silica gel.