Farm Seed Grasses, Millets and Sorghums Ryegrass

Cover Crop Seed

Product ID: 988

A fast grower to provide "quick green grass" anywhere, and as a cover crop.

Ryegrass is a great nitrogen scavenger and can assimilate as much as 200 lb./acre/year of nitrogen. Most of that nitrogen then becomes available to subsequent crops, thus saving on fertilizer input. Annual ryegrass is a very competitive winter annual, with good seedling vigor, fast germination (with adequate moisture) and rapid establishment. Annual ryegrass is a bunch grass, yellowish-green at the base, with long glossy green leaves up to 12" each. it will overwinter in certain years. When used as a cover crop, annual ryegrass is killed in the spring before it reaches seed formation stage. Sow from early spring through late summer. As winter cover, ryegrass will winter kill, but still help protect the soil. Sow, then rake to lightly cover. Seeding rate: short-term lawn (thick) 4 lb./1,000 sq.ft. (160-170 lb./acre); cover crop (thinner) 1 lb./1,000 sq.ft. (40 lb./acre). Avg. 153,700 seeds/lb.

1/4 Pound

In Stock

1 Pound

In Stock

5 Pounds

In Stock

25 Pounds

In Stock

50 Pounds

In Stock
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Shipments to Canada require a phytosanitary certificate, which includes a $125.00 fee (rates subject to change), and cannot be processed online. Please call 1-877-564-6697 to place orders to Canada.
Annual ryegrass grows vigorously in a wide range of soils and climates. It is tolerant of wet soils and temporary flooding, and will grow in sandy soils, but is better adapted to heavy clay or silty soils. Annual ryegrass tolerates a pH range of 5-8, with an optimum between 6 and 7. Can become a weed if allowed to set seed.
CULTURE: Sow the seeds at the time, rate, and depth specified in the product description.
FOR GREEN MANURE: Till in at any growth stage.
FOR ORNAMENTAL USE OR GRAIN HARVEST: Cut the plants near the base when most of the green color has turned brown and the seeds are hardening (no longer milky).
SEED SPECS: Planting rates are listed in the product description.

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Quick Facts

Latin Name

Lolium multiflorum

Days To Maturity

Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.

50 - 70 Days

Life Cycle

Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).


Hybrid Status

Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits.
Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.

Open Pollinated