Vintage carnations present the sweet and spicy fragrance of clove. Frilly 1 1/2–2" double blooms with a small percentage of singles. Striped, flaked, and picotee types in shades of rose, pink, wine, salmon, cream, and white. Grass-like, gray or blue-green foliage. Blooms late July through August in our trials and is best grown as an annual for cut-flower production. Chabaud is an old-fashioned type dating back to as early as 1904. D. caryophyllus is native to the Mediterranean, where emotional attachment to this flower first took root. Also known as annual carnation. Pronounced shab-o, with a long "o." Tender perennial in Zones 6–8.
• Edible Flowers: Use the flower petals to garnish salads, desserts, soups, icing, and cold drinks. Flavor is of mild clove. Remove the petals from the flower base before consuming as the base can be quite bitter.
Trial Notes: We tested Chabaud type carnations, both in the hoophouse/high tunnel and in the field and found both methods satisfactory for cut flower production. In the hoophouse/high tunnel: we were able to transplant earlier, resulting in earlier blooms, more lush plants, and taller stems. Plants greatly benefited from support and regular harvest in the greenhouse environment. Otherwise, plants became heavy and leaned toward the ground. In the field: planted on bare soil, plants grew more slowly, did not become as tall or lush, and were more apt to grow upright without the aid of support.
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 7-14 days at 65-72°F (18-22°C)
SOWING: Transplant (recommended) - Sow 6-8 weeks before last frost. Lightly press seed into growing medium. Transplant into cell packs or 3-4" containers 20-25 days after sowing. Harden off and transplant out 6-8 weeks after sowing. Cool temperatures of 50-55°F (10-13°C) are required to keep the plants low growing and basal branching. Avoid warm temperatures in excess of 65°F (18°C), especially at night, which will product soft growth. Direct seed - Early spring when a light frost is still possible.
LIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun.
PLANT HEIGHT: Varies.
PLANT SPACING: 6".
HARDINESS ZONES: Zones 6-8. Best results when planted as an annual.
HARVEST: 10-20% of flowers in cluster or spray are open.
SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Rich, sandy, well-drained soil that is slightly alkaline.
USES: Excellent commercial cut flower and is also suitable for gallon container production with one plant per gallon container. Also makes a lovely bedding plant.
PELLETED SEED: If using pelleted seed, we recommend consistent soil moisture during the germination period. Pelleted seed must be kept cool and dry prior to planting, and should be used within one year of purchase.
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Days To Maturity
Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.
130 - 140 Days
Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).
Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits. Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.
Use for Cut Flowers and Bouquets
Variety good for fresh cut-flower displays.
Seeds saved over many years and passed down, in original form, from generation to generation.