Ginseng favors well-drained, humus-rich soil on north and east-facing slopes. Grow in 70%+ shade. Harvest roots in fall of 5th or 6th year. Stratified seeds are shipped in September for fall planting. NOTE: Because this item is considered an endangered species, it cannot be shipped outside the US. Avg. 500 seeds/oz. Packet: 50 seeds.
Latin Name: Panax quinquefolius
Days to Maturity or Bloom:
5-6 years to root harvest
Shipping Information & Notes
This product cannot be shipped to Canada
This product cannot be shipped outside the United States or Canada
SHIPPING NOTE: Stratified seeds are shipped in September for fall planting. NOTE: Because this item is considered an endangered species, it cannot be shipped outside the US.
For full cultural information, please refer to the technical sheet, American Ginseng Production from Seeds.
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 180+ days
SOWING: Direct seed: Sow seeds ½-¾" deep (never more than 1" deep) and about 3" apart (15-20 seeds per square foot). Mulch with 3-4" of leaves or straw, and moisten the mulch to ensure that it remains in place.New shoots will be small when they first appear, and will look like bean sprouts with three small leaves. Keep well-weeded, but take care in weeding around young plants to avoid disturbing the roots. Once ginseng is well established, mulch will help to prevent weed growth.
LIGHT PREFERENCE: Shade. American ginseng grows best in its natural habitat under a hardwood canopy with at least 70% shade, comprised preferably of oak, maple, sycamore, or basswood trees. SOIL REQUIREMENTS: American ginseng prefers a light loam soil that has high humus content and a pH of 5.0-6.0. Good drainage is critical to ensure healthy ginseng plants. PLANT HEIGHT: 8-16".
PLANT SPACING: 3-6".
HARDINESS ZONES: Zones 4-8.
HARVEST: Harvest may begin atthe end of the third growing season but the ginsenoside content increases dramatically between the fourth and fifth years — many growers wait until then to harvest. Roots should be dug in early fall (late August or early September) as the ginsenoside content is highest right after the tops have died down and the roots have entered dormancy.