Large, lobed leaves and thick, hollow stems. Leaves and stalks have sweet flavor. Because Angelica is a biennial, flowering begins early spring of the second year. Large, numerous blooms. Seeds are cold-stored to ensure viability. Blooms make a lovely addition to fresh or dried bouquets.
• Attracts and feeds beneficial insects and pollinators, including bees, parasitic wasps, lady beetles, minute pirate bugs, syrphid flies, and tachinid flies.
SOWING: Transplant: Refrigerate the seeds until sowing. It is preferable to plant in the fall, but early spring plantings will also be successful. Tamp the seeds into the soil mix or just barely cover with soil and moisten. Seed requires light to germinate, along with alternating temperatures of warm and cold. Place the flats or trays outside where they will experience the needed temperature fluctuations. After 21 days, flats should be brought into warmer temperatures to germinate. Transplant seedlings outside in the spring when they are 3-4" tall, spacing seedlings 12-24" apart in rows that are 36" apart. Direct seed: Refrigerate the seeds until sowing. Sow in the fall or spring, 1/4- 3/8" deep, 10 seeds per foot in well-prepared seedbeds. Space plants 12-24" apart in each direction.
LIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun/Part Shade. Angelica prefers part shade, but will grow fine in full sun. SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Angelica requires a fairly rich, light, well-drained, but moist loam.
PLANT HEIGHT: 72-96".
PLANT SPACING: 12-24".
HARDINESS ZONES: Biennial in Zones 4-9.
HARVEST: All parts of the plant are edible. The leaves should be harvested carefully the first year so as not to damage the main stem. The root is harvested in the fall of the first year or in the spring of the second year.
Note: Once established, Angelica can also be propagated by root division.
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Days To Maturity
Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.
Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).
Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits. Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.
Use for Cut Flowers and Bouquets
Variety good for fresh cut-flower displays.
Ideal for Drying and Crafts
Variety is excellent for creating dried flowers.
Attracts Beneficial Insects
Variety attracts and supports pollinators and/or insects that prey on garden pests.