Herbs Bee Balm

Wild Bergamot
Monarda Seed

Product ID: 827

Bright lavender blooms with a spicy scent.

Traditionally used by Indigenous Americans to soothe bronchial complaints and ease colds. Plants produce flowers in the second year after planting.

• Edible Flowers: Add petals to salads, sprinkle over mild fish, use in fruit salads, or to garnish desserts and drinks. Flavor is minty and spicy.

• Nectar plant for bees, butterflies and hummingbirds.

Avg. 87,200 seeds/oz. Packet: 200 seeds.


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DAYS TO GERMINATION: 7-14 days at 60-70°F (16-21°C).

SOWING: Transplant (recommended): Sow the seeds in flats, barely covering them. Transplant to individual containers when the seedlings have their first true leaves. Transplant outside in the spring or summer, 6-8 weeks after starting the seeds, spacing plants 12-18" apart. Direct seed: Sow from early spring up until 8 weeks before the first frost in the fall. Direct seed or sow in a cold frame to be transplanted when they reach a height of 3-4". Sow about one seed per inch in rows 18" apart. Thin to 12-18" apart.

DISEASE: Bee balm is very susceptible to powdery mildew, which is exacerbated by humidity and any kind of plant stress, even drought. To reduce the likelihood of mildew, keep the soil moist, minimizing overhead watering; space the plants far enough apart to allow for good air circulation between plants; remove diseased foliage to prevent the fungus from overwintering; and divide the plant about every 3 years, discarding the old center growth and replanting the new side shoots.


A moist, rich soil that is slightly acidic.




HARVEST: Starting the first year, leaves may be harvested. More leaves may be harvested each year as plant size increases. Bee Balm does not usually flower until the second year. Mature plants, 3-4 years old, can be divided to make new plants.

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monarda fistulosa

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Quick Facts

Latin Name

Monarda fistulosa

Days To Maturity

Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.

365 Days

Life Cycle

Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).


Hybrid Status

Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits.
Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.

Open Pollinated

Product Features

Use for Cut Flowers and Bouquets Use for Cut Flowers and Bouquets
Variety good for fresh cut-flower displays.
Edible Flowers Edible Flowers
Variety's flowers may be consumed.
Attracts Beneficial Insects Attracts Beneficial Insects
Variety attracts and supports pollinators and/or insects that prey on garden pests.

Use for Cut Flowers and Bouquets Edible Flowers Attracts Beneficial Insects