Vegetables Chicory Belgian Endive (Witloof)

Organic (F1) Endive Seed

Product ID: 2320G

Traditional Belgian endive; white (pale yellow) chicons.

The roots of this Dutch variety, also known as "witloof," can be taken from the refrigerator or root cellar and forced successfully from September to January. The resulting "chicon" is a venerated European delicacy and welcome off-season leafy vegetable for salads and cooking. USDA Certified Organic. Avg. 14,200 seeds/oz. Packet: 200 seeds.


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CULTURE: Belgian endive may be grown for harvest of fresh greens throughout the winter. Complete cultural and forcing instructions are included with the seeds, and are linked to above.
PLANTING: Sow from early mid- to late spring, ¾–1" apart (about 30 seeds/ft.), ¼–½" deep, in 2" wide band, or single rows 16–24" apart. For minimum soil compaction, use raised beds with 2 or 3 rows 16–24" apart, beds 5–6' on center. Sprinkle the soil surface to keep moist. Don't allow soil to crust before the emergence of seedlings which takes 1–3 weeks, depending on temperature and moisture. Thin to 2" apart. Keep weed-free by tine weeding and shallow hoeing.
HARVEST: Dig roots in mid- to late fall or after a few light frosts and store like carrots at 32°F (0°C). To force, remove from cold storage after 6–10 weeks to a cool, 55–70°F (13–21°C) room. Keep in complete darkness. Harvest chicons when they become dense, in about 21–29 days.
AVG. DIRECT SEEDING RATE: 1M/66'; 5M/330'; 25M/1,650'; 435M/acre at 15 seeds/ft. in rows 18" apart.
SEED SPECS: SEEDS/OZ.: 12,000–14,000 (Avg. 13,000)
PACKET: 200 seeds sows 13'.

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Quick Facts


Latin Name

Cichorium intybus

Days To Maturity

Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.

115 for root

Life Cycle

Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).


Hybrid Status

Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits.
Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.

Hybrid (F1)

Product Features

Organic Seeds, Plants, and Supplies Organic Seeds, Plants, and Supplies
Plants, or seeds harvested from plants, that have been grown without synthetic fertilizers or pesticides, strictly adhering to the USDA's National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) organic gardening practices are designated as Organic.

Supplies that meet the USDA's National Organic Program (NOP) rules according to a third-party authority such as OMRI, WSDA, and/or a local authority such as MOFGA or NOFA.

Organic Seeds, Plants, and Supplies