The famous, mild yellow variety from Walla Walla, WA.
Juicy, sweet, regional favorite. In the Northwest, which has normal low winter temperatures above -10°F (-23°C), seed is sown in late August, and a crop of very large, flattened, ultra-mild onions is harvested early the next summer. SPRING PLANTING: Walla Walla may be spring planted using seeds or plants in colder regions where winter survival is hit or miss. It is not as big or sweet as the wintered-over crop, but still milder and juicier than others from spring planting. Nice as a "green top" onion. Not for storage. Adaptation: 35–55° latitude. Also offered organic, and as plants. Avg. 104,500 seeds/lb. Packet: 250 seeds.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Allium cepa CULTURE: Onions require full sun and fertile, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0–7.0. Sandy loam soils are ideal; in heavier soils, use raised beds or raised rows to promote soil drainage. DIRECT SEEDING: In April or early May, or as soon as the soil can be prepared in early spring, sow in a 2" wide band, about 2 seeds/in., 1/4– 1/2" deep, rows 12–18" apart. Thin to 1 1/2–2" apart for highest yields in fertile soil. Thin to 3-4" apart for larger onions. TRANSPLANTING: In short-season areas, sow seeds indoors in flats in late February to mid-March. Broadcast 1/2" apart and cover 1/4". Tops may be clipped to 5" tall. Transplant to the garden 4" apart, or sow 5 seeds in each cell of 1–1 1/2" diameter plug trays, thinning to 3 per cell. Transplant each cell 6" apart. CULTIVATION: Keep onions well weeded with shallow cultivation. WATER: Onions are shallow-rooted and grow best with at least 1" per week of rain or irrigation, especially during the bulbing phase. DISEASES: Adequate air circulation and crop rotation aids in reducing the risk of foliar disease. HARVEST: When necks become soft and tops are falling over, pull and sun-cure at least 2–7 days, depending on weather. Move to a protected location to finish drying. STORAGE: When dry, clip off tops and roots and store in onion bags or shallow boxes at near freezing and 65–70% humidity. DAY LENGTH: Onion bulbing is triggered by day length, and maximum day length during the growing season increases from south to north. Short-day onions are grown at lower latitudes in the South, while intermediate and long-day onions are grown at higher latitudes. Refer to "Adaptation" in each variety description for details. DAYS TO MATURITY: From direct seeding; subtract 10–15 days for days to maturity from transplant. AVG. DIRECT SEEDING RATE: 1 oz./25', 1M/50', 5M/250', 25M/1,250', 580M/acre @ 20 seeds/ft., in rows 18" apart. TRANSPLANTS: Avg. 1 oz./4,900 plants, 1 lb./78,750. SIZED SEEDS: Standard on all varieties. SEED SPECS: SEEDS/LB.: 96,900–127,700 (avg. 112,000). PACKET: 250 seeds, sows 12' or makes 140 plants.
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Days To Maturity
Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.
Approx 300 late-summer sown and wintered over; 125 spring sown
Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).
Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits. Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.