CULTURAL TIP: As with many of our easy-to-grow herbs, basils can be seeded directly into your garden in early through mid-summer. They grow quickly and yield well when seeded thickly into moderately rich, moist soil in full sun.
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 5-10 days at 65-70°F (18-21°C). SOWING: Direct seed (recommended): Plant seeds 1/4" deep, 2-3 seeds per inch, in rows 18" apart. Firm the soil over the seeds. Thinning is not necessary, but a final spacing of 4-8" apart produces healthy, full plants. Note: Holy Basil requires some light for germination, so sow more shallowly than other basils. Transplant: Sow indoors 6 weeks prior to setting out. Plant 1/4" deep and keep at 70°F (21°C) for best germination. Transplant to the field when seedlings have 3-4 sets of leaves, spacing at 4-8" apart in rows 18" apart. LIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun. SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Moderately rich, moist soil. Basil is not drought tolerant and can be damaged by heat stress. Regular moisture throughout the growing season helps to ensure a good crop. PLANT HEIGHT: Varies. See the product description for exact heights. PLANT SPACING: 4-8". HARDINESS ZONES: Annual. HARVEST: Begin light harvesting after plants have become established. It is best done in the early morning when the temperature is cooler and the leaves are less likely to wilt. A full harvest should be completed just before the plants start to flower. Cut the entire plant 4-6" above the ground to promote a second growth. Leaves are easily bruised when picking, so handle carefully. Do not store at a temperature less than 50°F (10°C). PELLETED SEED: If using pelleted seed, we recommend consistent soil moisture during the germination period. Pelleted seed must be kept cool and dry prior to planting, and should be used within one year of purchase. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ocimum spp.
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Days To Maturity
Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.
Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).
Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits. Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.
Use for Cut Flowers and Bouquets
Variety good for fresh cut-flower displays.
Variety's flowers may be consumed.
Variety that can be grown successfully using hydroponic growing methods, such as NFT (Nutrient Film Technique), DWC (Deep Water Culture), or other soilless growing systems.