Downy mildew-resistant, full-savoy for spring, fall, and winter.
Medium-green, upright spinach with slightly elongated, round, cupped leaves. Quick to bolt, so best suited for spring, fall, and winter sowing. Similar to Emperor in leaf shape, but faster growing and more uniform, with a thicker, more savoyed, darker green leaf. High resistance to downy mildew races 1-12, 14-16 and white rust. Avg. 46,000 seeds/lb. Packet: 1,000 seeds.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spinacia oleracea CULTURE: Spinach grows in a wide range of soils if moist and fertile, but is sensitive to acidity; pH should be at least 6.0, preferably 6.5-7.5. SOWING DATES: Spinach germinates best in cool soil. Begin sowing in early spring as soon as the ground can be worked. Summer sowing in soil over 85°F (30°C) risks low or erratic germination. If sowing has to be done during warmer weather, irrigating can help cool the soil and improve germination. Sow in mid to late summer for a fall harvest. Spinach can also be planted from late summer until freeze-up in protected structures for fall, winter, and spring harvest. Using floating row covers offers additional winter protection. PLANTING AND HARVEST: For baby leaf: Sow in a 2-4" wide band, 3/4" apart, about 40 seeds/ft. Clip small leaves in 3-5 weeks, depending on time of year and speed of growth. Triple-rinse leaves, sort out cut and broken leaves, and package. For a continuous supply, sow every 7 days. For bunching and full size: sow 10 seeds/ft., 1/2" deep, rows 12-18" apart. Harvest spinach full size but before bolting, cutting just below root attachment for "rooted spinach", or cut higher for "clipped spinach". STORAGE: Store at 32°F (0°C) and 95% relative humidity for 10-14 days. AVG. DIRECT SEEDING RATE: For full-size leaves: 10M/1,000', 290M/acre at 10 seeds/ft. in rows 12-18" apart. For baby leaf: 1M/25', 25M/125', 1,200M/acre at 40 seeds/ft. in rows 18" apart. SIZED SEEDS: Standard except where noted. SEED SPECS: SEEDS/LB.: 24,800-45,800 (avg. 38,800). PACKET: 1,000 seeds, sows 100'.
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Days To Maturity
Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.
Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).
Disease Resistance Codes
Downy Mildew (with specific races)
Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits. Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.