Monarda (Bee Balm: M. didyma & M. citriodora) - Key Growing Information
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 10-14 days at 68-72°F (20-22°C).
SOWING: Transplant (recommended): Sow 7-9 weeks before last frost. Transplant into cell packs or larger containers when the first true leaves appear. Harden off and transplant outside after last frost.
Direct seed: After last frost, sow seed thinly, barely covering the seed. Thin when the seedlings have the first true leaves.
LIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun/Part Shade.
SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Any well-drained soil.
PLANT SPACING: 12-18".
HARDINESS ZONES: Varies. M. citriodora: Annual. M. didyma: Perennial in Zones 4-9.
HARVEST: Fresh: Harvest when flowers are almost completely open. Dried: Allow flowers to open completely. Hang to dry.
USES: Suitable as a fresh cut flower. Excellent dried flower. Border plantings. Edible flower
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monarda spp.
ALTERNATE NAMES: Bee balm