- 3 Easy, Reliable, Productive Cut Flowers: Sunflowers, Zinnias & Rudbeckia
- 5 Factors That Determine Vase Life of Cut Flowers
- American Flowers Week: Combining the Art of Floral Design & Couture
- Celebrate the 7th American Flowers Week | Johnny's 2021 Botanical Couture
- Celebrating the 8th American Flowers Week | Johnny's 2022 Botanical Couture
- Collective Selling Models for Flower Farmers: Flower Hubs That Work
- 5 Cool Flowers to Plant Now | Lisa Mason Ziegler's Secrets for Growing Hardy, Cool-Season Annuals
- Cut-Flower Harvesting & Post-Harvest Care | Best Practices from Pros in the Slow Flower Community
- Cut-Flower Kit | Guide for Market Growers (PDF)
- Easy Cut-Flower Garden Map | For Growers New to Flowers (PDF)
- Easy Cut-Flower Garden Planner | For Growers New to Flowers (PDF)
- From Color to Climate: 5 Floricultural Trends Subtle & Seismic
- Flower Farmers' Favorite Fillers & Foliage | Recommendations from 3 Farmer-Florists
- Getting Started in Cut-Flowers | Top 15 Cuts
- Heat & Drought: How Flower Farmers Are Adapting to Changing & Challenging Climatic Conditions
- Intro to Overwintering Flowers | Method & Recommendations from Johnny's Overwinter Flower Trials
- An Introduction to Producer Marketing Cooperatives | M Lund & Associates
- How Day Length Affects Cut-Flower Production
- Flower Power for Roadside Markets
- Growing Flowers in Hoophouses & High Tunnels: Some Cool-Weather & Hot-Weather Options
- Tips for Starting a U-Pick Flower Operation
- Year-Round Flower Production Strategy
- Overwinter Flower Trials | Multiyear Results for >25 Crops | Johnny's Selected Seeds | XLSX
- Seeding Date Calculator | Johnny's Recommended Flowers for Overwintering | XLSX
- Sustainable Farming Methods | A Survey of Flower Farmers' Best Practices
- Just Add Flowers | An Introduction to Companion Planting for Vegetable & Herb Gardeners
- Pricing & Profitability for Flower-Farmers | Pointers from a Diversity of Pros
- Slow Flowers Palette & Petal Crushes | Evolving Colors & Shape-Shifts in Floral Industry Trends
- Slow Flowers & Johnny's Partner Up | Johnny's Selected Seeds
- Slow Flowers | Celebrating Fifth-Season Regional Design Elements
- Slow Flowers Floral Forecast | A Summary of Industry Insights & Trends
- Slow Flowers | Building a Better Market Bouquet | Tips & Techniques for Flower Farmers
- Slow Flowers | Tips for Staging On-Farm Floral Workshops | Johnny's Selected Seeds
- Wedding Wisdom 101 | 10 Beginner Tips for Entering the Wedding Floral Landscape
- Succession-Planting Flowers | Scheduling & Planning, Sowing Frequency, Recordkeeping & Recommendations
- Succession-Planting Interval Chart for Flowers
- Sustainable Floral Design | Techniques & Mechanics for Foam-Free Floristry | Tobey Nelson & Debra Prinzing
- Video: Mason Jar Bouquet Tutorial
- Video: How to Build a Bouquet
- Video: Tobey Nelson | Sustainable Floral Design | Slow Flowers Summit
- Video: Economic Considerations in Overwintering Cut Flowers | Johnny's Selected Seeds
- Floral Stem Cutter | Instructions for Mounting, Use & Care | Tech Sheet (PDF)
- Top-10 Flowers for Direct-Seeding | 5 for Cool-Soil Sowing + 5 for Warm-Soil Sowing
- Video: Floating Row Cover | Baby "Cool Flower" Protection from Whipping Winter Winds
- Video: The Procona System for All-in-one Flower Harvest, Transport & Display
- Johnny's Overwinter Flowers Tunnel: Trellising, Supports, Ground Cover & Spacing
- Video: Irrigation Considerations for the Overwinter Flowers Tunnel | Johnny's Selected Seeds
- Video: Johnny's Overwinter Flowers Trial Recap
- Video: Producer Cooperatives for Small-Scale Farmers | Johnny's Webinar Series
- Climate Adaptation for Vegetable & Flower Farmers | Johnny's Educational Webinar Resources
- Chrysal Professional 3 Vase Solution Powder | SDS
- Webinar Slide Deck | Flower Growing in Southern States | PDF
- Chrysal Clear Bulb T-Bag | Cut-Flower Conditioner | SDS
- Flower Growing in Southern States | Johnny's Educational Webinar Series
- Video: Flower Growing in Southern States | Johnny's Webinar Series
- Chrysal CVBN Flower Conditioner | SDS
- Chrysal Clear Bulb Flower Conditioner | SDS
- Chrysal Clear Universal Flower Conditioner | SDS
- Flowering in the South: Profiles of 5 flower farmers who cope with temperature, humidity, pest & weed pressure
- Chrysal Professional 2 Transport & Display T-Bag | SDS
- Chrysal Professional 1 Hydration Solution | SDS
- Webinar Slide Deck | New-for-2023 Flowers & Floral Supplies | PDF
- Chrysal Classic Professional 2 Transport & Display (Holding) Solution | SDS
Fifth-Season Regional Floral Design Elements
Celebrating the beautiful, the abundant & the unexpected during the summer–fall transition
by Debra Prinzing, Author & Founder of Slow Flowers
Here it is, late summer already, the time of year the Chinese regard as the "fifth season." Others have called it "high season" or the "in-between season." As we transition into that wonderful moment between summer and fall when everything reaches completeness, I asked members of the Slow Flowers Community to share their favorite standouts of the fifth season — uncommon and tried-and-true botanicals that appear in our fields and design studios as summer turns to autumn; as hints of fall beckon.
Photo © Mary Grace Long
Here we've collected the stars of late summer — flowers, foliages, herbs, seeds, pods, edibles and vines that seemingly wait until now to show their best attributes for our bouquets and vases. The submissions are nothing short of inspiring — coming from passionate home gardeners as well as talented flower farmers and gifted florists. Everyone, it seems, has heightened awareness of the bounty of the season. Here's to the Fifth Season! Grand or modest, formal or wild, every aesthetic has a place with seasonal botanicals.
Regional Fifth-Season Highlights • EAST
Thommy Conroy • 4121 Main
Big and bold are beautiful, in Pittsburgh floral artist Thommy Conroy's version of a fifth-season spectacle. "I love the notion of a fifth season," he says. "For years I've called it 'high summer' for my bridal clients — everything is abundant and overflowing. It's a great time to be working with farmers and local materials as the fields are bursting and materials are rich. The end of the season is one of my favorite moments."
For Superior Motors Restaurant in Braddock, Pennsylvania, Thommy filled a massive blue urn with "hyperlocally-foraged pin oak, seed pods from around the corner of the restaurant," and American-grown alstroemeria. (If we're not mistaken, the winged samaras of the storied Tree of Heaven have found a place on earth!)
Lisa Derx • Apricity Flowers
Lisa Derx of Apricity Flowers in Dayton, Maryland, says, "For me, the fifth season is about summer rushing into fall, when a change in temperature elicits a change in the color palette."
This arrangement pays tribute to the greens of summer with lemon basil and limelight hydrangea, while introducing the brilliant autumn shades of dahlias — 'Ginger Willo', 'Keith H,' and 'Maarn.'
"The weather here in Zone 7 where I grow my flowers has been cool this August, so my hypericum is a sweet addition, along with ageratum to add a few blue notes. Ammi is both summer-fresh and starting to edge into deeper tones, signifying the blend of seasons."
Nan Matteson • Queen City Flower Farm
Nan Matteson of Queen City Flower Farm in Cincinnati, Ohio, calls herself an "urban mini-micro flower farmer" and her passion for local flowers is evident when she brings her blooms to area farmers' markets.
"I was just playing one day for myself and came up with this vignette," which combines dahlias with chunky 'Porcelain Doll' and mini pumpkins.
"It feels fall to me," she says,"but in such an unconventional way. Dahlias are at their finest this time of year."
Jen Hinson • Clara's Garden
Clara's Garden, Jen Hinson's flower farm and floral design studio, is based in Mediapolis, Iowa, in the southeast corner of her state. This evocative late-summer composition includes dahlias, amaranth, celosia, hydrangea, dill, a single garden rose, and foraged and cultivated greens — all in an intentionally faded palette.
© Anna Hedges Photography
Rachael Ackerman • Blue Sky Flower Farm
Rachael and Jon Ackerman own Blue Sky Flower Farm in Lakeville, Minnesota. Among other channels, they sell their lovely woodies, perennials, annuals, and vines to the design community through the Twin Cities Flower Exchange, a 100% local wholesale hub that opened in 2017
Here are two of Rachael's favorite ingredients of the season: hops and pumpkin lantern plant.
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN
Amanda Maurmann • Gnome Grown Flowers
Singular sensation! Sometimes, just one bloom is all you need to sum up the vibe of late summer.
This bunch of 'Apricot/Peach Mix' straw flowers, grown by Amanda Maurmann of Gnome Grown Flower Farm in Ann Arbor, Michigan, was captured on camera by florist Susan McLeary of Passionflower Design Studio, for the emerging Michigan Flower Growers Cooperative.
Barbara Rietscha • Field & Vase by Stow Greenhouses (Retired)
A stunning still-life from Field & Vase's Barbara Rietscha takes late-summer flowers to a new artistic plane.
"I used all my fall favorites: dahlias, marigolds, celosia, delphinium, thistle, sweet William, and mums," she says.
The weathered animal skull sets a pensive tone.
Debbie Bosworth • Dandelion House Flower Farm
Debbie Bosworth of Dandelion House Flower Farm in Plymouth, Massachusetts, who calls herself a "backyard cut-flower farmer," celebrates the late-summer bounty with this charming pair of arrangements containing dahlias, amaranth, hydrangea, cosmos, sunflower, sedum, and grasses.
"I call this September Flourish," she says.
OAK HILL, NEW YORK
Todd Carr & Carter Harrington • Hort & Pott
Based in New York's Catskills, Todd Carr and Carter Harrington own Hort & Pott, an emporium of handmade, vintage, botanical, and uncommon goods.
This arrangement "channels Late Summer, with the season's last blooms, plus pods and pine."
HOPEWELL, NOVA SCOTIA, CANADA
Megan Balodis • Marshdale Farms
For Megan Balodis of Marshdale Farms, based in Hopewell, Nova Scotia, the season can be summed up in the bronzy, burnished hues of amaranth, arranged in a color-block of burgundy and copper.
Leslie Gamsjager • Leslie Gamsjager Flowers
Leslie Gamsjager of Leslie Gamsjager Flowers in Woodbury, Connecticut, gathers this late-season design together using sunflowers, dahlias, dill, and hydrangea as focal blooms; alliums, snapdragons, celosias, and ageratum as spikes and fillers; and curly kale as a deep-green, textural foliage element.
Jill Forrester • Whitton Farms
Fourth-generation flower farmer Jill Forrester grows flowers and produce on 10 acres in Whitton, Arkansas. She arranges hundreds of bouquets at the peak of season, selling them through local markets in Arkansas and Tennessee and from orders taken via her website.
Jill raves about vitex — "one of our cut-flower mainstays; it thrives on neglect, and bees and butterflies love it" — which she uses as the spike elements in this fresh bouquet featuring dahlias, hydrangea, rudbeckia, zinnias, and celosia, gathered for birthday gift-giving.
Home gardener and flower lover, Cathy Balke of Lilburn, Georgia, shared her favorite backyard ingredients of the season:
"Dahlias, Persian shield, hosta, creeping Jenny (Lysimachia nummularia). Purple and green — my favorite combo!" she says.
Kathleen Barber • Erika's Fresh Flowers
Kathleen Barber, a farmer–florist–photographer based in Warrenton, Oregon, gathered her favorite zinnias of the season for this arrangement, adding statice and aster in full appreciation of September, her favorite month of the year.
Bethany Little • Charles Little & Co.
Charles and Bethany Little of Eugene, Oregon-based Charles Little & Co. are known for the highly diversified selection of woodies, perennials, annuals, vines, and edibles that they grow.
And, on occasion, they are inspired floral designers, as can be seen in this arrangement that Bethany created for a local restaurant. The vase exudes late summer, with limelight hydrangea, sage, artemisia, amaranth, celosia, dahlia, dusty miller, and novelty pineapple eucomis.
Kris Bennett • KRISanthemums
Kris Bennett of KRISanthemums in Hermiston, Oregon, is confident with color, pairing bright hues of summer's zinnias and dianthus 'Green Trick' with the darker seed heads of sunflowers and echinacea — all for this vivid late-summer bouquet.
FALL CITY, WASHINGTON
Tammy Myers • First & Bloom
As a floral designer, Tammy Myers of First & Bloom based in Fall City, Washington, has developed her brand based on using exclusively American-grown flowers, especially those locally grown by farmers who are now her friends. This late summer bouquet, designed for a recent workshop, includes foraged vine maple foliage, wine-hued ninebark, rudbeckia, hypericum, tansy, phlox 'Creme Brulée', and foraged grasses.
Sue Nevler • Trustee, Elisabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden
Trustee of the Elisabeth Carey Miller Botanical Garden in the Seattle area, Sue Nevler is an avid gardener whose lovely backyard bouquet of dahlias, crocosmia, hydrangea, viburnum, and oregano 'Kent Beauty' exemplifies the season.
Maura Whalen • Casablanca Floral
Studio florist Maura Whalen of Casablanca Floral in Seattle often clips from her own cutting garden for her commissions. Her late-summer palette combines dahlias, zinnias, and hollyhock with wine grape clusters and porcelain vine.
Sara Jane Camacho • Thatch Floral
Sara Jane Camacho of Thatch Floral in Seattle, combines cheerful single yellow dahlias with scented geranium, pearly everlasting, and foraged pods from a golden raintree for a buttery-bright seasonal arrangement.
Sandy Figel • Verbena Floral
Sandy Figel of Verbena Floral in Seattle, uses cheerful cosmos as the focal blooms in this seasonal compote, then heightens the tone with hydrangea, hops, nigella pods, dusty miller, ornamental grasses, and amaranth. Pink fall-flowering Japanese anemones provide the finishing touch!
Leigh Grossman • Fiori Floral Design
Leigh Grossman, creative director of Seattle-based Fiori Floral Design brings uncommon seasonal ingredients to her formally-styled centerpieces.
First, a "texture bowl" featuring Phalaenopsis orchids, succulents, peony pods, foraged tree ivy, and fresh contorted willow from the studio's "grow garden," along with roses, blackberry, seeded eucalyptus, and ming fern asparagus.
Next, a combination of blue and purple hydrangeas, succulents, monarda, eryngium, foraged bittersweet, and Rex begonia foliage from the studio's grow garden, along with Phalaenopsis orchids and white heather, sourced domestically.
Katherine Glazier • Filoli
Katherine Glazier, a floral design instructor at the public garden estate Filoli in Woodside, California, loves to use locally-grown botanicals in her workshops.
Here she has filled her urn design to overflowing with lush, late-summer ingredients, including hops, digiplexis (foxglove cousins Digitalis x Isoplexis), roses, scabiosa 'Black Knight', zinnias, eucalyptus, and Panicum 'Frosted Explosion.'
Hedda Brorstrom • Full Bloom Flower Farm
Farmer–florist Hedda Brorstrom of Full Bloom Flower Farm grows organically on her acreage in Sonoma County. Her designs are layered, detailed, and rich with character.
Here are two late-summer beauties. First, an uncommon bouquet with cardoon blooms, crocosmia, echinops, delphinium, lotus pod, garden roses, strawflower, and succulents.
Next, an urn brimming with 'Café au Lait' dahlia, 'Dara' daucus, foxglove, scabiosa, lisianthus, echinops, dusty miller, tuberose, and 'Cherry Caramel' phlox.
Whether you are looking back to evaluate your past growing season or planting for your next one, may you find a few moments to enjoy the fullness of the Fifth Season.
According to Chinese philosophy, this is the time of year for centering and rooting oneself — a time to shore up well-being as we transition between spring/summer and fall/winter.
And wherever you grow, when it comes time to plan ahead for an abundant, late-summer cut-flower harvest, seeds for many of these fine design elements will be available from Johnny's.