Hundreds of petite flowers cover neat, low mounds of lacy foliage with a citrusy scent. Long-blooming for beds, borders, and containers where it attracts beneficial insects, such as ladybugs, hoverflies, butterflies, predatory bugs, and parasitic wasps. Leaves of the plant are edible and are used as flavorful salad greens and garnish. Also known as signet marigold.
•Edible Flowers: Use the flowers to dress up salads and desserts or cooked in egg or rice dishes. Flavor is floral with hints of citrus and spice, and slightly bitter. Remove the petals from the flower base before consuming as the base can be quite bitter.
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 4-7 days at 75-80°F (24-27°C).
SOWING: Transplant: Sow 4 weeks before last frost, or 8 weeks before for flowering packs. Lightly cover the seed. Keep soil surface moist until emergence. Transplant to cell packs or larger containers when true leaves appear. Harden off and transplant outside when the danger of frost has passed. Direct seed: After last frost, sow 1/4" deep. Thin when true leaves appear.
NOTES: High temperatures can cause plants to stall, and temporarily decline in growth and bloom. Deadhead regularly to increase blooms. Pinch to make the plants bushier.
HARVEST: Flowers are fully open but still have tight centers. USES: Beds, borders, mass plantings, containers, and window boxes. Cut flower ('Giant' series). Edible flower. Bedding plant ('Durango' and 'Queen Sophia').
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Days To Maturity
Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.
Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).
Variety is highly fragrant.
Grows Well in Containers
Variety does well when grown in a container.
Variety's flowers may be consumed.
Attracts Beneficial Insects
Variety attracts and supports pollinators and/or insects that prey on garden pests.