Early, single-stem, or column-type, stock in a highly uniform series for one-cut harvest. Iron performed well in our spring and fall trials. An appropriate variety for a fall slot, where not all stock will do. Selectable for doubles; 55% double without selection. Compared to Katz, Iron is slightly later to flower, and has somewhat shorter and thicker stems. Tightly spaced florets on the flower spike make for compact 1 1/2-2", deep plum-colored blooms with a full appearance. NOTE: This variety produces one flowering stem per plant. Pinching is not advisable as it will terminate flowering.
Edible Flowers: The peppery, clove-like flavor of the flowers lends itself well to use as a garnish on salads, desserts, and drinks.
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 7-14 days at 65-75°F (18-24°C). SOWING: Transplant: Sow 2 seeds/cell, 1/4" deep in 128-cell plug trays 8-10 weeks before last frost. Cover seeds lightly with vermiculite to help retain moisture. Transplant to packs or larger containers 14-21 days after sowing. Direct seed: Sow seed after last frost. SELECTION: Select for double flower by observing color, size, and shape of the cotyledon. After approximately 7-10 days after emergence selecting the lighter green seedling with an oval shape will produce double flowers. Discard the very small seedlings, ones that are darker green in color, and those with rounder shaped cotyledons, which will produce single flowers. LIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun. SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Well-drained, moderately rich soil. PLANT HEIGHT: Varies. Support is necessary when the temperatures are consistently above 60°F (16°C) or where it rains frequently. PLANT SPACING: 6-10". HARDINESS ZONES: Annual. HARVEST: Fresh: Harvest when 1/3 to 1/2 the florets on stem are open. STEM LENGTH: 10-24". VASE LIFE: 5-10 days. 36-41°F (2-5°C) ideal storage temperature. USES: Excellent cut flower. Edible flower. Beds, borders, and containers. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Matthiola incana
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Days To Maturity
Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, within a specific crop group. If a transplanted crop: average number of days from transplant date. Not sure if crop is direct-seeded or transplanted? Check the Growing Information box for details. If crop can be both direct-seeded or transplanted, days to maturity refers to direct seeding. Days to maturity for all flowers and herbs is calculated from seeding date.
90 - 105 Days
Plants can be Annuals (single growing season), Perennials (grow year after year), Tender Perennials (grow year after year in warmer climates; and in some cases when given special protection in colder climates), or Biennials (require two years to mature).
Hybrid: The offspring of a cross between two or more distinct parent lines, usually of same species, and selected for improved traits. Open-pollinated: A non-hybrid variety that can reproduce itself in kind, demonstrating relatively stable traits from one generation to the next.