Chives - Key Growing Information

A row of standard chive plants  Allium schoenoprasum  in bloom and ready for harvesting for fresh, freezing, or dry use.
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 7-14 days at 65–70°F (18–21°C).

SOWING: Direct seed (recommended): In spring, sow 1/4" deep as soon as the soil warms up. Place 4-6 seeds every 6" or 1-2 seeds per inch. Thin to 2-3 plants every 2-8". Keep free of weeds.
Transplant: Start seeds in flats 6-8 weeks before the last frost. Sow several seeds per plug, thinning to 3-4 seedlings per plug. Transplant seedling clusters 2-8" apart in rows 18" apart.

LIGHT PREFERENCE: Sun/Part Shade.

SOIL REQUIREMENTS: A fairly rich soil that is high in humus.

PLANT HEIGHT: 12-18".

PLANT SPACING: 2-8".

HARDINESS ZONES: Zones 3-9.

HARVEST: Individual leaves may be harvested once the plants are established. Harvest leaves before flowering begins. Leaves can be harvested 3-4 times per year, cut at ground level.

Leaves may be used fresh or dried. To dry, cut bundles into 1/4- 1/2" lengths. Spread one layer on a screen, allowing for air circulation. Place in a well-ventilated location out of direct sunlight. Stir periodically while drying.

Note: Mature chive clumps should be divided every 3 to 4 years.

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Allium schoenoprasum