Direct-Seeded Vegetable Crops :

SEED QUANTITY & YIELD CHART

A List of Direct-Sown Vegetables, Average Seed Quantity Needed for Planting, and Projected Yield

Direct-seeding is the sowing of seeds directly into the garden or field. Use this chart to estimate average seed quantities required per 100' row or acre planted and average projected yield per 100' row or acre. The list of direct-seeded vegetable crops is alphabetically sorted.

(See our Direct-Seeding Guidelines to learn more about this method.)

Direct-Seeded Vegetable Chart Index
 
AVERAGE SEEDS NEEDED PER
  AVERAGE YIELD PER
VEGETABLE CROP
100' ROW
ACRE, by WEIGHT
ACRE, by #M (M=1000 SEEDS)
100' ROW
ACRE
BEANS, BUSH
800 seeds
116 M
45 lb
6500 lb
BEANS, POLE
420 seeds
46 M
80 lb
11,600 lb
BEANS, LIMA
1 lb
145 lb
17 lb
2500 lb
BEANS, SHELL
⅓ lb
72 lb
8 lb
3480 lb
BEANS, SOY
½ lb
87 lb
20 lb fresh; 12 lb dry
3000 lb fresh
BEETS
1500 seeds
436 M
40 lb greens; 65 lb roots
14,000 lb roots
BROCCOLI
300 seeds
87 M
50 lb
7250 lb
BRUSSELS SPROUTS
200 seeds
29–35 M
60 lb
8500 lb
BURDOCK
½ oz
6 lb
60 lb
13,000 lb
CABBAGE
200 seeds
29 M
150 lb; 60 heads
22,000 lb
CHINESE CABBAGE
300 seeds
66 M
90 lb; 60 heads
13,000 lb
CARROTS
3000 seeds
720 M
150 lb
33,000 lb
CAULIFLOWER
200 seeds
29 M
120 lb; 60 heads
17,000 lb
COLLARDS
3/32 oz
1 lb
75 lb
16,000 lb
CORN, SWEET
200 seeds
30 M
8 dozen ears
1200 dozen ears
CORN, ORNAMENTAL
⅛ lb
18¼ lb
20 lb fresh; 12 lb dry
2900 lb
CUCUMBERS
200 seeds
15 M
120 lb
17,500 lb
ENDIVE
600 seeds
10 oz
175 M
80 heads
17,000 heads
GREENS, MUSTARD
1600 seeds
1⅓ lb
100 lb
29,000 lb
KALE
450 seeds
1 lb
112 M
75 lb
16,000 lb
KOHLRABI
1500 seeds
436 M
50 lb
14,500 lb
LEEKS
600 seeds
11 oz
105 M
180 stalks
32,550 stalks
LETTUCE
600 seeds
10 oz
174 M
100 heads
29,000 heads
MELONS (Cucumis melo)
200 seeds
15 M
100 fruits
14,500 fruits
ONIONS, BULBING
2000 seeds
580 M
140 lb
42,000 lb
ONIONS, BUNCHING
½ oz
7½ lb
1130 M
100 lb
29,000 lb
PARSNIP
⅓ oz or 2000 seeds
4 lb
436 M
75 lb
16,000 lb
PEAS, FRESH
1¼ lb
272 lb
25 lb
5000 lb
PUMPKINS
200 seeds
5 lb
15 M
300 lb
21,500 lb
RADISHES, SMALL
1½ oz
31 lb
1555 M
100 bunches
29,000 bunches
RADISHES, DAIKON
⅓ oz
5¼–7 lb
200 lb
43,000 lb
RUTABAGA
600 seeds
14½ oz
131 M
150 lb
32,500 lb
SALSIFY
¾ oz
10½ lb
60 lb
17,400 lb
SPINACH, FULL SIZE
1000 seeds
290 M
40 lb
11,600 lb
SUMMER SQUASH, ZUCCHINI
300 seeds
22–26M
200 lb
30,000 lb
SUMMER SQUASH, YELLOW
300 seeds
22–26M
200 lb
30,000 lb
SUMMER SQUASH, PATTY PAN / SCALLOP
300 seeds
22–26M
150 lb
22,000 lb
TURNIP
⅓ oz
5⅔ lb
100 lb greens; 50 lb roots
14,500 lb roots
WINTER SQUASH
200 seeds
15 M
200 lb
30,000 lb
WATERMELON (Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus)
200 seeds
1⅓ lb
15 M
70 fruits
10,000 fruits